Dating egyptian culture
Modern ropes were used to lash it together, but its timbers are 95 percent original.
As you move along this composite image, you'll see the boat's 12 oars, ten along the sides and two larger ones at the stern.
They were used to carry the dead across the Nile River. Papyrus boats were useful for hunting or crossing short stretches of water, using a paddle or a pole.
Boats were hard to make because all the Egyptians had to cut the wood with was a chisel. Sails just carried the Egyptians which ever way the wind was blowing. In the pyramid of King Khufu, the worlds oldest boat was found.
The ancient boat had been dismantled into 651 separate parts, and its nearly perfectly preserved timbers were found in 13 scrupulously arranged layers that were buried in a sealed boat pit which was carved into the Giza plateaus limestone bedrock.
It took years for the boat to be painstakingly reassembled, primarily by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities chief restorer, Ahmed Youssef Moustafa (later known as Hag Ahmed Youssef).
These 75 foot long ships are buried side by side and have wooden hulls, rough stone boulders which were used as anchors, and "sewn" wooden planks.
The earliest depictions of the sun god show him travelling on a reed float made of bound papyrus, a portrayal so ancient that it predated Egyptian knowledge of wooden ships.The third type of boat was the papyriform boat, made technologically similar to wooden boats but with the shape of an elaborate papyrus raft in order to maintain the connection to royalty and gods.These ships appear to have been used as pleasure boats and transportation for royalty; they were also used as funerary boats and burial boats, as well as in religious events like pilgrimages and transporting the statue of a god.Archaeologists have unearthed red painted pottery with designs that include boat motifs as important symbols, and some interpretations stress the boats were used in a religious or ritual capacity.Further evidence for the early use of boats lies in tomb reliefs (ship building scenes were among the most popular motifs in tombs), paintings, and model boats dating from predynastic times through the New Kingdom.
Egyptians pioneered the development of river craft and there were many different types built for various uses. This wooden model of the funery boats found at Thebes, with its two pointed ends rising out of the water, is a good example. Officials went up and down the Nile with stone for building projects or grain for the kings stores, and merchants carried wares for sale.