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Condoms can be used in between the high risk times and medications can be taken to further reduce the risk.
Viral shedding (that occurs with or without symptoms) is estimated to occur in 20 – 40% of days during the initial six month period after exposure to the herpes virus.
Viral shedding is when the herpes virus is active and “shedding” at the site of infection.The herpes virus is considered contagious during this “active” time and can therefore be spread through direct contact with the infected area.It is possible for the virus to be actively shedding itself at the site of infection without showing any visible signs or symptoms.Shedding is estimated to occur at one time or another in all people who are infected with the virus, but the rates of shedding are likely to vary in people with and without active outbreaks.The rate of viral shedding tends to vary greatly between the type of HSV and the location of the infection.
The following is an example of estimated shedding rates based on current research: HSV Type 1 = 3 to 5% (of days evaluated) HSV Type 2 = 15 to 20% (of days evaluated) HSV Type 1 = 18% (of days evaluated) HSV Type 2 = 1 % (of days evaluated) Note that the rates of shedding tend to be higher when the Herpes simplex virus type occurs in its “typical” or preferred location of infection, such as HSV-1 cold sores or HSV-2 genital herpes.