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It is also connected by all-weather roads to the cities of Ahmedabad (85 km/53 mi), Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Dholka. Resuming excavation in 1961, archaeologists unearthed trenches sunk on the northern, eastern and western flanks of the mound, bringing to light the inlet channels and nullah ("ravine", or "gully") connecting the dock with the river.
The findings consist of a mound, a township, a marketplace, and the dock.
Adjacent to the excavated areas stands the Archaeological Museum, where some of the most prominent collections of Indus-era antiquities in India are displayed.
The Lothal site has been nominated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its application is pending on the tentative list of UNESCO.
When British India was partitioned in 1947, most Indus sites, including Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, became part of Pakistan.
The Archaeological Survey of India undertook a new program of exploration, and excavation.
Lothal stands 670 kilometers (420 miles) from Mohenjo-daro, which is in Sindh.
The meaning of Lothal (a combination of Loth and (s) thal) in Gujarati to be "the mound of the dead" is not unusual, as the name of the city of Mohenjo-daro in Sindhi means the same.
Owing to this, and the proximity of the Gulf of Khambhat, Lothal's river provided direct access to sea routes.Harappans were attracted to Lothal for its sheltered harbour, rich cotton and rice-growing environment and bead-making industry.The beads and gems of Lothal were in great demand in the west.Thus the cause for the abandonment of the city may have been changes in the climate as well as natural disasters, as suggested by environmental magnetic records.Lothal is based upon a mound that was a salt marsh inundated by tide.
In 1942, timber was shipped from Broach to Saragwala via the mound.